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Ethnic Tribes in Myanmar (Burma)

Myanmar (Burma) Races, Tribes & Ethnics Tours


Myanmar is the multiple nationals country. It is belief that all the nationals are mongoloid stock and originally line at mongo high. They entered into Myanmar about many thousand years ago by three routes and three groups. Mon-Khama group is the first to enter to Myanmar, Tibeto-Myanmar is the second group and Thai-Chinese group are the last group who come from mongo height by following the mighty Ayeyarwaddy River and Than Lwin River. They lived with co-operated each other peacefully throughout the history.
There are 135 minorities in tribes of Myanmar. They have own language, culture and customs. Some with their own literature. They maintain their customs and culture, and respect to each others.
For administration, the government of Myanmar arranged of 7 states and 7 Divisions in the country. But for the tribe peoples, they lived spread to all of the country. For example, at Kachin State, there are not only Kachin peoples are living there, others nationals such Bamas, Rakhine, Shan, so and so and living with harmony.
The Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Mon, Bama, Rakhine and Shan are the main nationals of Myanmar. Each nationals they have minority group of ethnic sub-group.

In Kachin tribe
Lisu, Rawan, Tarong, Jainphaw, Maru, Azii, Kakku, Yawyin, Nuyin, Lazi, Lacheik and Lawwaw (12 sub-groups)

In Kayah tribe
Padaung, Gaykho, Gayba, Zayein, Pret, Yinbaw, Yinta Let, Kayah and Kayaphu. (9 sub-groups)

In Kayin tribe
Kayin Phyu, Mopwa, Palaki, Monepwa, Talepwa, Bwe, Po-kayin and Sagaw Kayin. (8 sub-groups)

In Chin tribe

There are more than 50 sub-groups, among of them Saline, Naga, Haka Chin, Falan Chin, Tidim Chin and Mindat Chin are easy to know.

In Mon tribe

Mon peoples have long history in Myanmar. They occupied lower Myanmar in centuries. They are the earliest civilization in Mon Kingdom. But no sub-group in Mon nationals.

In Bamar tribe

Htawei, Myaik, Haw, Rabain, Kadu, Kanan, Salon, Bama and Phun (9 sub-groups)

In Rakhine tribe
Rakhine, Thet, Baramagyi, Dynet, Kami, Mro and Kamar (7 sub-groups)

In Shan tribe
There are more than 34 sub-groups. Among of then, Palong, Danu, Intha, Pa-O, Shan, Akha, Lahu, Enn, Kokant, Wa, Yin Kya, Yinnet and Lwela are well known.

The tribes are live in the whole country but mostly at the border areas of Bangladesh, India, China and Thailand.

Races, Tribes & Ethnics Tour Itineraries


The Kachin Tribes

Lisu, Rawan, Tarong, Jainphaw, Maru, Lazi, Lawwaw, Yawyin, Lacheik, Azii, Kakku and Nuyin

Feature                     
Over 5 feet heigh, white skin with black hair with bright eyes. Good looking in body structure and stout.Kachin tribe ladies

Living places
          
North part of Myanmar, such as Putao, Sumprabon, Sadone, Kamine, Bamaw, Shwegu,Seinlone,
Moekaung, Naungmong and Myintkyina Townships are the Kachin resident.

Manner
                    
Friendly minded, at height diligence. Samples and they like revenge.

Marry
                       
To married to same lineage by guiding of both parents.

Dress                        

Always ware the turban both man and woman, men ware black long pant or big block strip Long Gyi (long scurf) with white coat. Women ware black shirt decorated with silver coil .silver necklace, silver ear rings were set.

Customs
                  
Co-operation on daily work. Always re-attack to their enemy, always completed the balance of work which was assigned.

Festival
                    
Manaw Festival, new housing ceremony, spiritual worship festival and local spiritual festival.

Tarong Tribe

Feature         
3.8 feet height, we call pygmy of Myanmar. They live at the Thahundam Village which located at the base of Mt. Kakaborazi (19269 feet) which is the last village of the most north part of Myanmar.

Living place

Naung Mong Township and Thahundam Village at Putao district in Kachin state.Tarong

Manner

Brave and easy to be contented.

Marry

Marry to same line age. Can marry to first cousin

Dress

Men ware the white, red and black shirt with white long pant. Women ware the white weaving shirts and black strip long longgyi (long scurf). The village chief and rich man are ware the wool long coat and brown wool cap.

Customs  

If husband want to divorces, he has to pay the wife 5 oxen. If wife want to divorces, 15 oxen to pay to husband. The punishment for the stealing case is to dip the hand into hot water.

Festival   

The harvesting festival, New Year festival. Every body enjoy in this festival. 

Rawan Tribe

Feature
Black eye, black hair. Yellow and flesh complexion. Straight hair and the body structure are same as other Myanmar nationals.

Living place

Putao district, Hukaung vally, The upper parts of Malika river, Kaung Lan Phu,and Myintkyina Rawan CoupleTownships are their places at Kachin state.

Manner    

Brave, friendly, and revenge.

Marriage    

They married to the line age by guiding of both parents.

Dress
   
Men ware wool and cane headdress, white coat. Previously, man and woman are waring the ear plug. Woman ware the traditional weaving cloth with various colors of amber and coral beads. They band the cane coil at their knee. Woman use the white turban. The village head and leaders are waring the boar tusk which decorated on their headdress.

Custom

Every body can enjoy their Manau festival. They always use the animal scarification
for spiritual worship. They always co operated on socio economy work and social welfare activities.

Festival

They celebrate the Manau festival annually. New year festival, new house opening ceremony and spiritual worship festival.

Lisu Tribe

Feature
White skin and black hair. Body structure is same as other Kachin group.

Living place

Putao, Myintkyina, Bamaw and Tanaing districts in Kachin state and Loilin district in east part of Shan state.

Manner

Brave, easy to be contented, samples, friendly, and revenge.Lisu girl

Marriage

Marriage to line age by guided of their parents.

Dress

Women make pig tail hair style. They made the hat from the red and white enamel beads and ware it, at Putao region. For the women from Bamaw are ware the red, green and yellow shirt and ware the silver necklace, brass lace, and colorful beads are used.

Customs   

They divided the inheritance to their children equally.

Festival

New Year (harvest) festival, new housing ceremony and spiritual worship festival

Maru (Lawwaw) Tribe

Feature         
Yellow skin, straight and black hair, cycle face, same body structure with other Myanmar.

Living places

Chipwe, Law Kaung, Sadone and Sotlaw Townships in north east Kachin state are their majority areas.

Manner

Brave, height diligence, samples and revenge.

Marriage

They booked the bride since their young time. Need to pay the expense to the lady’s parents. They marry to their line age only.

Dress

Old men are use the thin turban. They use the black and white color for their dress. The woman longgyi are designed with Red embroiled at the 6 inches of lower part. They use the color from the wood leaves and bulb. They ware the Red, yellow, green strip color shirt. Some time they fix with silver coil at back or front of the shirt. They use the amber and silver for ornament. Usually they band their knee with white cloth. The chief are handle the flat swords.

Festival

Before cultivation they cerebrate the spiritual worship, Manaw festival, Harvest festival and new housing festival.

Races, Tribes & Ethnics Tour Itineraries


The Kayah Tribes

Pa-daung, Ghaykho, Ghayba, Zayein, prêt, Yinbaw, Yintalet, Kayah, Kayaphu  (19 sub-groups)

Feature
Square jaw, brown skin, black hair, prominent eye and nose, more than 5 feet height, hairs are look rough.Kayah Tribe


Living place

Loikaw Township, Demoso Township, Faruso Township, Bawlake and Pha Song Township at Kayah state is most Kayah peoples are lived.

Manner
At height diligence, brave, easy to be contented, samples and easy to shame.

Marriage
Can merry from the elder brother’s son to daughter of Younger sister .They take promise on marriage compensation system to protect from divorces. Only after that they celebrate the wedding ceremony.

Dress
The white turban and the white smock-like garment are ware. For men they ware the black long pant. Women ware red turban, black short hand shirt and red shawl are wrap on the shoulder. They use the white shawl to tie on their waist.
Some time they ware the black smock-like garment and the lacquer pasted bamboo at their knee. Amber beads, coral beads and silverware are used as ornaments.

Customs
They share the heritance to the die person. They cerebrate for death person in January. If one buffalo steal, to return 5 buffalos as compensation, to give the spiritual worship as compensation fees for rape case.

Festival
Kubhtobo banner pole festival for good harvest, new housing ceremony and hunting festival are held. The most interest and joyful festival is packing the sticky rice festival.

 Padaung Tribe

Feature
Flesh complexion and dark color skin. As they put on the cupper coil on the neck, their neck are look a little long. Body structure is same as Myanmar peoples.

Living Place
Demoso, Fruso and Moe Bye townships in Kayah state is the most popular place for Padaung peoples.

Manner
At height diligence, easy to be contents, samples and friendly.  Padaung tribe woman

Marriage
Can marry above second cousin. They maintain the single marriage system.

Dress
Men wear turban. Ware the shirt that buttons down the front and ware white pant. Woman make hair knot at the forehead. The black turban, black shirt are use. And put on the copper coil at neck. Also such the copper coil at knee. They use the big ear ring which make of silver and amber. They use the silver coated bamboo comb.

Customs
They co-operate in social welfare. If wife  want to divorces from her husband, She have to pay back the married fees. If man wants to divorces his wife, the wife gets northing. One stealing 5 return system is practiced at stealing case.

Festival
Kuhtobo festival in April. The shaman lead the festival. They sacrificed chicken, pig and buffalos at spiritual festival. It is last for 3 days. This festival is for fine weather, for good harvest and good health. All peoples are enjoying for this festival.

Zayein Tribe

Feature
Dark and flesh complexion. The body structure is same other Kayah group. Some peoples called then short head Pa-daung, San Htauk and Hota.

Living place
Moe Byee township, Phe Khone township in Kayah state and Loi Lone and Mine pan Township in southern Shan state.

Manner
Samples, easy to shame, superstitious, very rigid in discipline.

Marriage       
Only married to line age. Can marry to first cousin. They practice never divorces system in marriage life. If engagement was done at Young time, It is must marriage to who you have been engaged. Some time they use the secret meaning of words during the wedding ceremony.

Dress
Men are clear shaven head and ware short pant. They hang the small size beads at their neck. They use the big amber ear rings. Women ware the black lone gyi (sarong) and cotton shirt. They like the various color of beads. Some use the amber and coral beads and ornamental ear-plug.

Customs
They never travel overnight stay for 2-3 days. They belief it is lose from traditional belief of sect heritage.  They usually belief the chicken bone predictions as fortune teller for their daily life. The husband act as mid wife for the baby born. They belief that it is unlucky if some body come to the new born room. No compensation fees for divorces. They never committed the adultery.

Festival
Khutobo festival, new housing ceremony and the spiritual worship festival.

Ghay Ba Tribe

Feature
They are same body structure as Kayin people. Square jaw and flat body.

Living Place
Mow Byee township at Kayah state, Than Dang township and Late Tho  township at Kayin state and Taung Gu township at Bago division are their resident, some peoples are live at Kayah state and some are in Kayin state.

Manner
At height diligence, brave, friendly and samples.

Marriage
Can marry to first cousin, the wife to follow to husband home after wedding. The man to pay money, pig, buffalo and cattle as wedding fees. Some to pay one Pha-Si drum and thousand silver coils for a high grade woman. They use the single wedding system.

Dress
Men ware smock like garment and black color long pant. They use the turban and shoulder bag. Women are ware the black smock-like garment and black Longyi. They band the shawl on hair knot. They use amber beads and silver coil as necklace.

Customs
The stringer can not to come to the house during the baby born. If so it is need to pay the limited price as compensation. If some body jumps down from the house, it is need to pay chicken and a bottle of traditional wine. If no body at home they keep the branches of tree at the entrance of home.

Races, Tribes & Ethnics Tour Itineraries


The Chin Hill Tribes

More than 50 sub-groups, among of than saline, Naga, Mindat Chin, Haka Chin, Falam Chin and Tidim Chin are well-known

Feature
Dark skin and black hair. Body structure is same as others Myanmar. Face tattoo are practiced at southern part of Chin state (Mindat Township and Matupi Township).

Living Place
Kampelet, Matupi and Mindat Townships at South Chin State, Falam Township at center of Chin State and Tidim Township at North Chin State. Also the saline Chin are lived at Thayet District along inner side of the Ayeyarwaddy River.

Manner
Brave, Friendly, easy to content.

Marriage
Wedding ceremony is held at groom house; share the wedding fees (south part). They held 3 day wedding ceremony (2 days at groom house and one day at bride house, they feast with pork, chicken and local wine (Kaung Ye).
Previously they have 3 types of wedding.Face Tattooing Chin Woman

  1. Approve by both parent.
  2. Men go and married at women side.
  3. Women came and live at men house.

Dress
Men ware long smock-like garment with red color strip. Women ware red and yellow blanket on shoulder and black Longyi or scarf. Men and women are waring the turban. Men wrap the red and yellow diagonal strip blanket. The former ladies are waring the cloth at their waist as ornaments. Haka Chin lady are ware the silver and, amber for ear plug and necklace. Some women ware the silver coil at their waist. They practice the face tattooing.

Customs
If man wants to divorces to his wife he must left all the wedding fees. If woman want to divorces the man need to return all wedding fees. When they cerebrate for spiritual worship, it is need to use, pig, Mythos, chicken and local wine.

Festival
Harvesting festival. Kwado New Year festival (October). Spiritual worship festival (April). They place the flat stone and make record for their family history during this festival.

 Mindat Chin Tribe
Chin Pone, Tone Chin, Chin Pu, Dai and Mui Chin are sub-groups of Mindat Chin.

Feature
Brown skin and black hair, body structure is same as others Myanmar. Women perform the face tattoo for Log history.

Living Place
Kanpelet, Mindat, Matupi and Palewa Townships at Southern Chin state.Face Tattooing Chin Woman

Manner
Brave, friendly, diligence, sample and revenge.

Marriage
Always held the wedding ceremony at groom house. They share the expense of the wedding fees. The bride must return double expense if she absent to the weeding. When the groom take responsibility on wedding expense. If fail from groom, he loose for all of his wedding fees.

Dress
Men ware long smock-like garment. They ware across the red diagonal blanket .Women are warp the weaving red and yellow blanket on the shoulder and ware the red and yellow Lonegyi (long scarf) most woman are perform the face Tattoo. Its describe their group and sub-group.

Saline Chin Tribe

Feature
They are same as country sites of Barbar peoples.

Living place
They live mostly at Tha Yet District, Magwe Division, along the inner part of the mighty Ayeyarwaddy River.

Manner
Brave, friendly, diligence, samples.Saline Chin


Marriage

Both man and woman need to supply the local wine for wedding. The husband needs to sent pork to the wedding. The bride needs to pay a chicken to the uncle of groom, and bride need to support rice, oil and salt for wedding.

Dress
Men ware the red, black and brown color with strip design of Lonegyi. They use the thin turban. Their turbans are 3 feet long. Women ware red or pink color strip with black back ground of Longgyi (Long scarf) up to Knee. Women ware short hand cotton shirt. Woman ware double layer shirts. They dye the color with natural leaves and seed. They use the brown, red, and pink shawl.

Customs
They never allow 3 shamans to live at a same house. The shaman needs to lead the annual spiritual worship. Every body to bring one chicken, one Pyi of rice (about 1.5 kg) and a bottle of wine for annual worship.

Festival
New Housing festival, New Year festival and spiritual worship festival.

Races, Tribes & Ethnics Tour Itineraries


The Naga Tribes

Feature
All women are stout. Flesh complexion and dark skin. Most are tall. Some Naga cut the hair as circular line and clear staved off at low part. Some Naga keep long hair and keep short at fore head. The most popular sub-groups of Naga are Tangkul, Nauk-aw, Laing Nang, Hyein Myay, Pain Kuu, Para, Makuri, Smmara, Pon Myo and Kyan Naga. Women make tattoo on their face. The head hunter and chief of the village are Tattoo on their chest.Naga Man

Living place
Khamti Township, Homalin Township, Lahe Township, Layshee Township, Tanai Township, Nan Yon Township and Pan Saung at Sagaing Division most North West of Myanmar, border of India.

Manner
Brave, at great diligence, samples and revenge.

Marriage
Do not make grand at the wedding ceremony, they have maiden hall (young woman PAN) and young man and woman can meet at there and choice their wife and husband. If they like each other they can marry.

Dress
They decorate their head dress with boar tusk, feathers, bear hair and human hair. The head dresses are weaving from cane. They wrap the decorated blankets which sew with cowries shell on red, black and white color of blanket. Man ware Lan Kut Ti (Loin cloth to cover the man genetically organs with the small cloth) and cover with the copper coil like gong. Some time they make the prediction of burning bamboo when they are ill and to search the new farm land. They ask more compensation on farm land argument.

Festival
The Kaibi New Year festival is very popular among the Naga peoples. They cerebrate for the whole Naga Land, in January 15 annually. Other such as individual new housing ceremony, harvesting ceremony, and spiritual worship ceremony are held every respective area.

Nauk Aw Naga Tribe

Feature
Flesh complexion and dark skin. They cut their hair as circular line and clean shaved off at low part. They all are looking stout.

Living place
They live at Lahe Township, Khamti district at Sagaing Division most North West of Myanmar, close to India border.

Manner
Brave, friendly, diligence, samples and revenge.Naga Girl

Marriage
Keep the maiden hall. (young woman PAN) Young man and young woman can meet at there and choice for their wife and husband. If get agree to man and woman they married. They not make grand on wedding ceremony.

Dress
Men wrap the black blanket and ware the Lan Ku Ti (Loin cloth to cover the man genetically organs) and cover on it with a small copper gong. They make the 4 white line on the black blanket and decorated with cycle and square design of white enamel beads. They wrap the black blanket on shoulder and ware the short scarf.

More Detail About Naga Hill Tribes

Races, Tribes & Ethnics Tour Itineraries


The Mon Tribe

Feature
Black and straight hair. Flesh and dark complexion. Body structure is same as others Myanmar.

Living Place
Previously they live at Bago Township, Pathein Township, Mottama Township. Now mostly they live at Mawlamyaing Township, Yee Township, Mottama Township and Bilu Kyun (Chaung Sone) Township in Mon State. Southern part of Myanmar.

Manner
Samples and friendly mind. The want to lives peacefully.

Marriage
They never married to first cousin. They married by guided from the parents and elderly at last time.

Dress
Men make hair-knot and wrap the silk turban. They ware the brown Myanmar coat and with red square strip Lonegyi. Women are dress like Myanmar lady and make back hair-knot. Depend on their rich, woman ware diamond, gold, and silver as ornaments.

Customs
Last time they make the finger hole at the maiden house for bachelor boy who can put the hand in to hold when they go a courting and talk with young lady. All children can get the inheritance from their parent equally.

Festival
Same as Bamar. New Year water festival, Buddhist Lent festival and zew housing ceremony.

Races, Tribes & Ethnics Tour Itineraries


The Rakhine Tribes

There are 7 sub-groups in Rakaine tribe. They are Rakhine, Thet, Baramagyi, Dynet, Khami, Mro and Khamer.

Feature
Black eye and hair. Mostly they are flesh complexion and yellow skin. Some are a little dark. Body structure is same as others Myanmar.

Living Place
Sittwe, Maruk U, Kyauk Phyu, and Thandwe District in Rakhine State west part of Myanmar. Close to India and Bangladesh.

Manner
Samples, easy to be content, friendly minded. Peace in mind.

Marriage
Groom need to go to bride house on wedding day. The bride family abstracts the couple with 4 steps of stings. Then they tie the grooms and bride hand with white thread for seven rounds and spray the water with Eugenia leafs and then makes 7 rice balls to serve each others of groom and bride. The groom packed the rice in the handkerchief and pay obeisance to their parents. The parent presents the gifts to them.

Dress
Men use red or pink turban. They practice the Tattoos on the body. They ware the Myanmar nice coat and Longgyi. Women make more design on their Longgyi. They choice the red and pink color. They make most the diagonal and floral design on their Longgyi.

Customs
When the maiden and bachelor meet on the way they greet with ZANCHIN secret words. Novice ceremony and other religious festival are same as Myanmar Buddhist. They use the long drum when held the novice ceremony. They sing the YaTu (typical ode on the season or love). They co-operate at social welfare.

Festival
The Rakhine water festival is famous for its joyful activities. They fill the water into a big long boat and throw the water both side of man and woman who row along the big boat. Some place they cerebrate the spiritual worship festival annually at their village. They use the PANTRA long drum, man, struck the drum and spirit maiden are dance for that. They feast with chicken, duck, goat and local wine festival.

Kamii Tribe

Feature
Brown skin and black hair. Body structure is same as Myanmar country man.

Living place
The Kyauk Taw Township and Paletwa Township in Rakhine state. North east parts of Rakhine state.

Manner
Friendly and easy to be content.

Marriage
They marriage to same line age, they never married to Taung Lite sub-group tribe. They avoid the married at the month of November, as they have to go to cemetery in this month. Wife need to go and live at husband house. The groom needs to pay the wedding fees to the bride family.

Customs
They co-operate in social welfare work. Young man always asks the light from maiden. They always obey the elderly decision for any lawsuit. If husband want to divorces to wife, he need to left the properties and if wife want to divorces she need to left all children and properties. The elderly decided to fine for the rape case.

Dress
Frank flat of the jacket for woman is sign for unmarried lady. After married they not ware the front flat of the jacket. Man and woman ware the local weaving cloths. They use the PEKALAR, kind of thin turban.They use the copper ear plug both man and woman. They warp the blanket on the shoulder and wrap the Lonegyi on the waist. Woman use the copper hairpin, copper comb, they use the ear plug, silver and amber beads are used. Men are wearing the various beautiful feathers at their headers during their festival.

Festival
The spiritual worship festival is held only once in every 3 years guided by elderly. All peoples are enjoying for the festival. They belief that, the festival is to protect from unlucky and evil spirit. Then to organize the villagers.

 Thet Tribe

Feature
Flash complexion, black at eye and hair, Body structure is same as Myanmar and Yakhine.

Living Place
Buthee Taung, Maung Taw and Yathe Tang Townships at North West of Rakhine state.

Manner
Samples, friendly and easy to contented.Thet woman

Marriage
They celebrated the wedding ceremony at the husband house. Official weeding must held at in front of both parents. The groom need to ask the bride the words of did you agree. If agree they take a cup of local wine and joy the lunch. After wedding, wife to follow the husband and to live at husband’s house. They practice the single marriage system.

Dress
Man use Top-knot of hair with ear plug. They use the cloth turban. Dress as Myanmar peoples. Women also ware like Myanmar lady are use the back hair knot. Necklace, bra lace, earplug and amber beads are use. The women practice the big ear plug.

Customs
Sons only can get inheritance. If no sons, the parents take the inheritance.

Festival
Buddhist religious festival, sSpiritual worship festival and new housing ceremony

Dynet Tribe

Feature
Flesh complexion, black and straight hair. Body structure is same as others Myanmar.

Loving place
Most are lived at North of Sittwe, on the Rakhine mountain range, some are can see at Bu Thee Taung and Maung Taw Townships in Rakhine State.

Manner
Samples, peace mind and friendly.

Marriage
Like Myanmar wedding. Wife to follow the husband, and live at husband house. Never married to father’s relative. Only to marry to mother’s relatives.

Dress
Men ware Myanmar Lonegyi, as Myanmar country side peoples. They ware thin cloth turban. Women ware the weaving cotton buttoned down the front jacket. They band the red strip turban. They use the amber, coral beads and some time they ware the enamel coil covered belt at their waist.

Customs
Man are practice the body tattoo at last times. The mothers with baby never go to the funeral rite. For the divorces, its need the mutual agreement. If wife not agree, it is need to pay compensation under supervision of the elderly.

Festival
Buddhist religious festival (novice, ordination, local guardian spirit worship festival and lighting festival). New housing ceremony.

Races, Tribes & Ethnics Tour Itineraries


The Kayin (Karen
) Tribes

Kayin Phyu, Moepwa, Palaki, Monepwa, Talepwa, Bwe, Po-Kayin, Sagaw Kayin – 8 sub-groups

Feature
Square jaw, flat nose, cycle faces, yellow and flesh complexion skin, and good looking body structure.

Living Place
Ayeyarwaddy delta area, Tanggu district, Kayin State, and Bago Division.

Manners
Friendly minded, samples and want to live peacefully and easy to be contented.

Marriage
They have two type of wedding ceremony. It is one day wedding finished and two days wedding finished. They never married up to 2nd cousin.

Dress
Men ware red smock-like garment with Lonegyi. They use the turban too. Women are ware red or back smock-like garment and gold and silver coil are use as ornament. Now they are wearing the dress with colorful of wool and cottons. In previous time, all men and woman are using car-plug-.Old man and women are very common to use the earplug.

Customs
3 times to 5 times amount of stealing are to pay as compensation. If dead body pass to the village, the owner need to give apologize to village with a buffalos and local wine for spiritual worship. They co-operate each other at social well fare work.

Festival
Kayin new year in January, Kayin state day in November are the most famous. Other such as harvest festival and drinking water arrangement festival at villages are popular among the Kayin peoples.

 Kayin Phyu (White Karen) Tribe

Feature
Black hair and flat nose cycle faces and big bone at joint. Yellow and white complexion. Flat body with around   5 feet in height.

Living Place
Around Pyin Mana district in Mandalay Division, Tunggyi Township in Shan State and Taunggu Township in Bago Division.

Manner
Sample and friendly, easy to be content.

Marriage
The groom goes to bride house with singing group. The bride and her friends are welcome the group with dance. Some time they have wrestling each group as choosing the power man. If the groom group loose, to pay the money to feast on the occasion of wedding. Then the groom can enter to the bride room. After the both parent announcement and pray for wedding, then they become wife and husband.

Dress
Men ware the red white strip line smock-like garment and Longgyi. The women are ware the short black smock-like garment with various design. The green, red, blue base strip Lonegyi is ware by women. Women wrap the long turban on head necklace, earplug, comb, brace-let, ring and beads are used.

Customs
They belief the chicken bone prediction for economy activities. They co-operated work social welfare. They practice the compensation system for in case of stealing.

Festival
New Year festival, bone collecting festival and spiritual worship festival.

 Poe Kayin Tribe

Feature
White skin and good looking for body structure. Black and straight hair, flat in nose and face, square Jaw and big bone in joint. The bodies are stout.

Living Place
Mostly at Thandaung area in Kayin state, Bago division, Pha-am, Hlaing Bwe and Kawkaraik Townships in Kayin state, and Yangon division.

Manner
Sample, good intension and want to live peacefully.

Marriage
Traditional wedding is to wrap the groom and bride hand together with red and white threads in the wedding day. The wife to follow the husband after wedding. They never married to their cousins. They practice the single marriage.

Dress
They make hair-knot same as Myanmar peoples. Men ware the weaving cotton white long smock-like garment, and strip line Longgyi, women are ware the red strip short smock-like garment and black cycle line design Longgyi. They use the thin turban both man and woman.

Custom
The stranger not to come to home during the spiritual worship. If some body    in the house, the stranger need to pay the home owner as apologies fees. Annual spiritual worship ceremony held at the village, headed by shaman.

Festival
New year festival, with DONE dance, bone collection festival with AW PWE, Drinking water arrangement festival with free feast to the public.,

 Bwe Kayin Tribe

Feature
Flash complexion, square Jaw and cycle faced straight and black hair. The body structure is same as others Myanmar.

Living Place
Around Than Daung Township in Kayin State. Most use on the hill region. Kadukha village is famous for BWE Kayin natives.

Manner
Sample, diligence, brave, and want to live peacefully.

Marriage
They engage from the young time. Man to pay for wedding fees, wedding ceremony is held at husband house and wife to live at husband house. Put on groom and bride hand together and wrap with red and white threats to complete the wed. They never married to their cousin; they practice the single married system.

Dress
Men ware the turban, red smock-like garment and long pant or longgyi. Women ware thin Turban, black smock-like garment and diagonal strip Longgyi. Women ware silver bracelet, necklace, ear plug and ear ring. BWE peoples are a popular sub-group of Kayin.

Customs
When they back from the hill farm, they brought the boil chicken egg. When arrived back home they check the egg. If the egg is not full in shell, they belief the children souls are not completely follow back to them. So the parents prepare the bar of sticky rice, boil egg for call back the soul at home.

Festival
Harvesting festival, New Year festival and spiritual worship festival. The public cam enjoy at all kinds of this festivals.

Races, Tribes & Ethnics Tour Itineraries


The Shan Tribes

Palaung, Danu, Intha, Pa-O, Akha, Lahu, Enn, Kokant, Wa, Myaung, Gon Shan, Maw Shan, Lwela, Tang Yo and Khan Ti Shan

Feature
White and Yellow skin, black of eye and hair, height is same as Myanmar peoples.Shan Woman

Living place
Lasho, Moe Mait, Loilin, Moe Kaung, Nyaung Shwe, Kyaing Ton, Kalaw, Taunggyi and Nan Khan at Shan state, Bamaw and Putao at Kachin state, and Khamti and Hommalin at Sagain division.

Manner
They are sample, friendly and easy to be contented.

Marriage
They never married up to 2nd cousin. They choice the lucky and unlucky months from Myanmar Luna calendar years. The expense is paid from man site. If parents are wed to them it is legal for them.

Dress
Men keep long hair and wear Shan long pant and Shan Coat which with the colors of dark yellow. They tie the long sleep at waist. The women use Shan hat which make of bamboo. They use silver and gold ornaments. Old women are ware the black or white coat.

Customs
All co-operated in social work. They use Tobacco leaves for all kind of offers. Never travel on full moon, and black noon-day. They buy the buffalo at their lucky day.

 Akha Tribe

Feature
White skin and good looking body structure. Cycle faces and press in nose. They stain their teeth with a kind of bulb of tree. To become black teeth.

Living place
Around the Kyaing Tong District. Eastern Shan State Myanmar. ( At Kyaing Tong Township and Tachelaik Township)

Manner
Easy to contented, no greedy, They grow the food just for their survivors. Akha Tribe

Marriage
For engagement, the men need to give a glass of local wine to the woman’s father. If the father accepts to drink, it is win for engagement. On wedding day, the groom and bride are to eat one boiled egg in front of parents. The bride relatives are never ate at wedding feast.

Dress
Women are wearing the silver coil, decorated on headdress, with blue black color of shirt. They are using the silver necklace   as ornaments. The blue black color coats are common to their dress. Men are using the turban, ware blue black shirt and blue black long pant. They like to ware the silver products. They use the blue black color bag.

Customs
 It is unlucky for then if the dog and pig give birth single. If they see the smoke and small Loris monkey on the way to work, then stop to go and work.

 Pa-O Tribe

Feature
Good looking height, flesh complexion, with black hair.

Living place
Taunggyi, Pim Lone, Kalaw, Hopone, Ya Shout and Pin Long Townships at Southern Shan State, Tha Tone Township at Mon State and some places at Kayin state are the Pa-O resident areas.

Manner
They are samples and at height diligence. They have business mind. Pa-O


Marriage

Traditional way of Married is to band the groom and bride hands with Red, black and white Thread by the elderly or parents. The bride no need to go to the groom house for 3 days after married. They never married to their cousin. They are using the single married system. They never married to their relatives.

Dress
Women ware the black or red turban. They ware the black long pant and black shirt both man and woman. Men carry their betel box where ever they go with their bag. The women ware big ear rings. They use silver necklace for children. Woman band their shank, and knee with silver rings.

Customs
They always co-operated at social welfares. Traditional festival and religion festival are same as Myanmar Buddhist religious festivals.

 Lahu Tribe

Feature
Straight of black hair, good looking of body structure, and with fresh complexion.

Living Place
They lived at Mine Ton, Mine Sat, Mine Sat and Mine Pan Townships around Kyaing Tong District, and eastern Shan State, Myanmar.

Manner
They are samples and friendly. They want to lives peacefully.Lahu


Marriage

They never married to their first cousin. The expense for wedding ceremony is pay from men side.

Customs
The Shaman predict from the result of chicken bone prediction for good or bad luck they co-operate in social welfare. The village chief decided on the case of stealing, robbery, murder cases. The chief punish them by demand of cash, or labors for their crimes

Dress
Men ware black long pant, coat and black turban. They hold together the red and green clothes at their waist, shoulder and the hand of the shirt. Women ware long black shirt, and use the black turban. Some time woman ware the black cycle strip for Longgyi. They use the silver made ornaments at their neck, some time they decorate the silver coil at their front cover of the shirt.

Wa Tribe

Feature
Flesh complexion, look likes Shan and Myanmar. Body structure is same as Myanmar peoples.

Living Place
Kwun Lone District of Northern east, part of Shan State Myanmar, especially at the eastern part of Than Lwin River. To border of China and at Kyaing Tong District of eastern Shan State.

Manner
Brave, height diligence, they like revenge.

Dress
Men use the black Turban. Some use the red cloths Turban. They ware short pant and large coat. Women ware a silver coil at in front of fore head. They use the silver necklace and earring and use some white beads. They ware the black and red hand long shirt. They band the came roll at their waist.

Marriage
They never married to the relation of their mother side. They married to the parents approved ladies previously.

Customs
They use the local wine at their spirit worship. They use the wooden drum when they make to alert to the village to fight the enemy. Wife need to follow and live at husband house. When they got the first child they sent 3 buffalo to their father in law house.

Races, Tribes & Ethnics Tour Itineraries


The Bamars Tribes

Htawei, Myaik, Haw, Rabain, Kadu, Kanan, Salon, Bama and Phun

Feature
Flesh complexion, dark skin, black eye, black hair and straight.

Living Place Bamar Couple
Whole Myanmar, which near railway, car roads and water way, mostly they live at flat land.

Manner
Samples, friendly, Brave, it easy to contents.

Marriage
Never married to their first cousin. They keep 3 year long period of lover’s life (to marry to man or woman in previous time.) They check each others during that time. Then the parents engage for them. They practice the single married system.

Dress
Men keep the hair knot and ware long Lonegyi in the old time. Women ware bottom down front Lonegyi and hip-length jacket last time. Man ware turban and woman wrap the shawl on her shoulder. For the present, man ware Myanmar coat and Lonegyi with turban and woman ware over lapping flap in front jacket and Lonegyi with shawl on shoulder.

Custom
They make modification for the customs of the central India. Their daily life is base on Buddhist way of life. Some people belief on the local guardian sprit, ghost, fortune tellers, astrologers, they co-operate on social welfare work. They share the inheritance to their children equally.

Festival
Buddhism related festivals are held every month. The New Year water festival, lighting festival at end of Monson, spiritual worship festival in the raining season. The pagodas festivals in March are very common in the whole country.

Taung Tha Tribe

Feature
Flesh complexion and dark skin, black and straight hair, black eye. Body structure is same as others Myanmar.

Living place
Gant Gaw Township, Yaw Township, Saw Township and Htilin Township in Magwe Division. Close to Chin State is their place.

Manner
Samples and friendly.

Marriage
They marriage from their parent approved man and woman.

Dress
Men ware as others Myanmar. Women ware the cotton jackets and covered with black or white scarf on the chest. They wrap the thin cotton towel on head as turban.

Custom
They put the rice in the big wooden plate and eat together from that. They co-operate each other on social welfare works. They practice the indemnity who make the dislike of the local guardian spirit in their home. They follow the Buddhist way of life.

Festival
The pagodas festival, local guardian spiritual worship festival and the new housing festival.

Races, Tribes & Ethnics Tour Itineraries


The Salone Tribe (Sea Gipsy
)

Feature
Flesh complexion, dark skin, Black hair and straight, and black eye. The body structure is same as others Myanmar.

Living place
Arround the Myaik archipelagos, Makyone Kalet village and others small villages are famous far salon peoples places. They are sea gipsy. Most of them go around the Myaik archipelagos and live on boat. Salone Tribe (Sea Gipsy)

Manner
Sample, easy to be contented, be frightened.

Marriage
No special ceremony, they invited the village elderly and feast then at the in front of both parent as wedding ceremony.

Dress
Men keep clear shaven head, women keep hair knot at back. They dress like Bamar. They ware the silver ring.

Customs
They offer the local guardian spirit annually at their temporary village. They offer with Tobacco leaves, betel nut, local wine, if parents die, all properties are shared to all of the sons and daughters. Before they go for fishing, dive for pearls they offer the local guardian spirits.

Festival
Annual local guardian spirit worship festival, which was guided by Sharman, all villagers join the festival.

Races, Tribes & Ethnics Tour Itineraries


The Ka Du and Ka Nan Tribes

Feature
Flesh complexion, dark skin, black and straight hair. Their heights are round about five feet. Body structure is same as others Myanmar.

Living Place
Kadu are live around Pin Le Bu Township at Katha district and Kanan are lived around the Ban Mauk Township at Ka Tha district and a long the U Ru creek at Kachin state.

Manner
At high diligence, friendly, samples and they live depend on diligence.

Marriage
The groom to pay wedding fees, they practice the single married. Wife follows to the husband’s house. If want to marry to the widow, the money for wedding fees is need to pay to the former husbands parents. The amount is the half of the first married wedding fees. Ka Nan Peoples are practice as others Bamar’s wedding.

Dress
Men use hair knot. They ware the shirts and coat like Bamars. Long Longgyi with thin turban are use. Ka Nan Men are using the ear plug. Girls keep hair top knot and a circular fringe, and women are use back hair-knot. They ware the over lapping flap in front jacket with black Longgyi. The Ka Nan women ware like others Bamar. Especially they dye the cloth to black color and band on head. Men never use the black turban. They use the white.

Custom
They co-operate on social welfare work. They practice the Mass novice ceremony. During the novice ceremony, they sing the Myanmar Ya Tu (a kind of song) at that time. The Ka Du practices that, if husband die, Wife can’t get the heritance. The children are can get. If no children all properties are to give to the husband parents. They celebrated the spiritual worship for local guardian spirit of the village.

Festival
Buddhism related festival, new housing ceremony and local guardian spirit worship festival.

Races, Tribes & Ethnics Tour Itineraries

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